LMD System ("License, Maitrise et Doctorat" or Bachelor’s-Master’s-Doctorate)

Morocco currently uses the three cycle qualifications system known by its French acronym LMD (License, Maitrise et Doctorat or Bachelor’s Degree, Master’s Degree and Doctorate). In so doing Morocco is aligned with the European higher education system adopted during the Bologna Process. This scheme offers students increased flexibility and mobility in their studies and greater autonomy in their career management. Another important adjunct of the reform is the necessity for accreditation of all courses by the “CNACES”.

DEGREES/DIPLOMAS AND LENGTH OF STUDY

  • DEUG (General University Studies Diploma): four semesters
  • DEUP (Vocational University Studies Diploma): fours semesters
  • Bachelor’s Degrees and Professional Bachelor’s Degrees: six semesters or two additional semesters after the DEUG  or DEUP
  • Master’s Degrees and Professional Master’s Degrees: four semesters post-Bachelor’s;
  • Doctorate degree: at least six semesters post-Master’s of courses, research, fieldwork, seminars, etc.
  • University Technology Diploma (DUT): four semesters
  • The State Engineer’s Degree (“Ingénieur d’Etat”):  six semesters after undergraduate requirements 

SEMESTERS

The University’s academic year is divided into two semesters of sixteen weeks each. On average there are four modules per semester and 360 semester hours.

TRACKS

A track is a course of study with a structured curriculum organized as a coherent set of modules in one or more fields. The number of modules depends on the degree/diploma sought.

Each track is composed of three types of modules: core, optional and cross-disciplinary.

Each University institution sets its own tracks. Courses are dispensed within that institution or at any other University institution.

Track must be accredited. Track accreditation involves the following steps:

  1. Approval by the University Institution Council (Faculty/School/Institute),
  2. Approval by the University Council,
  3. Accreditation by the National Commission for Accreditation and Coordination of Higher Education (“CNACES”).

MODULES

Modules are the building block of university qualifications;

  • A module  includes one or two elements ;
  • Each module includes a minimum of 75 semester hours (or 20-25 days of field work) and should include course syllabi and a detailed course plan ;
  • It is recommended that, whenever possible, each track include modules in a foreign language notably French and English;
  • Module credits are additive and transferable between all public Moroccan universities;
  • Validated modules are permanently acquired;
  • A module is passed either by validation or by compensation;
  • To validate a module a student must obtain a grade equal or greater than the minimum passing grade.  A student who has failed to validate one or more modules may take a make-up exam in each of the non-validated modules. A student who has failed one or more modules may be granted a pass by compensation. In such cases, the grades for all the modules are averaged.


STUDENT ASSESSMENT

Students are assessed and given grades throughout the semester (ongoing assessment) and at the end of each semester (final exam). The final grade is based on both grades using a weighting scale. A wide range of assessments methods is used including examinations, quizzes, homework, oral presentations and essays.

Each institution establishes its own assessment policy within general University guidelines. This policy must be made public. (See student section-“Assessment Policy”)